Recommended tools for area-based conservation of landscapes, habitats and species including guidance on ecological restoration, invasive alien species, and protected areas


Conserving Dryland Biodiversity – IUCN, UNEP-WCMC & UNCCD
Includes new analyses of drylands biodiversity and an overview of approaches that promote sustainable development as well as conservation goals.

Frameworks for Managing Wetlands of International Importance and Other Wetland Sites – Ramsar
Brings together the decisions and guidance of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands for effective management of wetland areas.

Guidelines for Developing and Managing Ecological Restoration Projects – SER
A comprehensive guide from the Society of Ecological Restoration covering all the steps of an ecological restoration project, including tips on how to plan, implement and evaluate a restoration project.

LIFE Managing Habitats for Birds – EC
A document from the European Commission contains numerous examples of site restorations for endangered or threatened bird species. It presents various techniques that area managers can use to create habitats and promote species survival or regeneration.

Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria – IUCN SSC
Explains how the criteria should be applied to determine whether a taxon belongs in a category of threat.
Also see Guidelines for Appropriate Uses of Red List Data  and

Guidelines for Reintroductions and Other Conservation Translocations – IUCN SSC
Designed by the IUCN Species Survival Commission to be applicable to the full spectrum of conservation translocations. Importantly, emphasises the need to consider the alternatives to translocation, to appreciate uncertainty of ecological knowledge, and to understand the risks behind any translocation.

Strategic Planning for Species Conservation: A Handbook – IUCN SSC
Guidance on when and how to prepare and promote Species Conservation Strategies (SCSs) including advice on how to conduct a thorough Status Review; how to develop, through broad consultation with stakeholders, a Vision and Goals for the conservation of a species or species group; how to set Objectives to help achieve the Vision and Goals; and how to address those Objectives through geographically and thematically specific Actions.

Legally Protected Areas

This section provides a selection of key guidance documents from the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA).

Ecological Restoration for Protected Areas – Principles, Guidelines and Best Practices
Guidance for terrestrial, marine and freshwater protected area managers on the restoration of natural and associated values of protected areas.

Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories
Guidelines on how to apply the IUCN protected area management categories.

Identification and Gap Analysis of Key Biodiversity Areas
Details the steps required to identify and delineate KBAs and conduct gap analysis so that new conservation actions can be prioritised for protected areas.

Urban Protected Areas 
Guidance for the management of protected areas in and adjacent to urban settings.

Invasive Alien Species

Invasive Alien Species – EC
An introduction to the term invasive alien species, what they do, where they come from, what impact they have and what the EU is doing to prevent and eliminate these species from European landscapes.

Guiding Principles for the Prevention, Introduction and Mitigation of Impacts of Alien Species that Threaten Ecosystems, Habitats or Species – CBD
Intended to assist governments to control invasive alien species, as an integral part of conservation and economic development. They comprise 15 principles on prevention, intentional and unintentional introduction, and mitigation of impacts.
Also see

Ecosystem Services

The Corporate Ecosystem Services Review – WBCSD, WRI & Meridian Institute
Guidelines for identifying business risks and opportunities arising from ecosystem change.

Ecosystem Services Guidance – IPIECA & OGP
Explains the relationship between biodiversity, ES and the oil and gas industry and provides a checklist to help identify main ES as well as highlights risk and opportunities for oil and gas companies and measures to manage these.